As a result of climate change, we are seeing certain conflicts in the society. This is especially the case in developing nations, where people still live off the land: as peasant farmers, cattle herders, hunters and so on. The people who directly live off the land – people who directly eke out a living out of the land — are the ones who are most affected by climate change. Thanks to the effects of climate change, these people are ending up in conflict with one another: mostly as a result of limited resources such as water for irrigation, pasture, hunting rights and so on. There may be folks who are skeptical about climate change, but we can’t afford to be skeptical about the conflicts: because the conflicts are very real. People are getting maimed — some actually getting killed — in such conflicts. The question before us is as to how these conflicts can be mitigated.
To my mind, the (short-term) key to success in mitigating the conflicts that are emerging as a result of climate change lies in educating the people about the climate change phenomenon. The idea is to get people to understand what is happening to them and to their environments. The idea is to get them to understand that certain resources won’t be as plentiful as they once were: and to get them to agree to share whatever is available equitably.
We may also need to transition the members of society who are still living off the land into the mainstream economy. If these people were struggling with modern issues, it would be alright. Like, for instance, if (in today’s 21st century) they were struggling with difficulties accessing their Gap credit card accounts on the eService.gap.com portal, that would be understandable. But the folks are struggling, as it were, with medieval issues: things like access to pasture for their cattle and access to hunting rights. Yet a critical look at where the world is at now reveals that some of these lifestyles (like, for instance the nomadic pastoralist lifestyle) are simply unsustainable in today’s world.